Saturday, May 28, 2016

AUGUST 26-31, 1864, Goodrich s Landing

AUGUST 26-31, 1864. Skirmish near Bayou Tensas (26th) and expedition
from Goodrich s Landing to Bayou Macon, La. (28th-31st).
No. 1. Report of Col. A. Watson Webber, 51st U. S. Colored Troops.
No. 2. Report of Maj. Charles Chappin, Third U. S. Colored Cavalry.
Report of Col. A. Watson Webber, Fifty-first U. S. Colored Troops.
Goodrichs’Landing, La., September 1, 1864.
COLONEL: On the morning of August 20 a party of 200 guerrillas made a raid upon the plantations about this place which are leased by Tibbetts & Co. They killed two scouts after they had surrendered;  carried away one white overseer, and a young man by the name of Webster, clerk for the same firm; both the overseer and Mr. Webster were murdered by them as soon as they reached Bayou Tensas. Cavalry was immediately sent in pursuit, but did not overtake them. These highwaymen are commanded by a man named Lee, and although they are guerrillas, and commit the most abominable atrocities, they are permitted to remain near, and co-operate with the regular rebel forces under General Harrison, lie is really responsible for all their acts. As the people on Bayou Macon have many times petitioned Harrison to allow this Lee to remain near them, as their protector, I sent 230 mounted men under Maj. C. H. Chapin, Third U. S. Colored Cavalry, to pay them a retaliatory visit. He accomplished all that I desired, and returned to this post yesterday. I forward herewith a copy of his report to me. I hold a certain Doctor Richardson as a hostage for young Webster in accordance with General Orders, No. 4, dated headquarters Military Division of the Mississippi, November 5, 1863. In accordance with General Orders, No. 6, headquarters District of Vicksburg, May 12, 1864, I intend to seize all the movable and valuable property of secessionists living on Old River thirty miles above this post.
Trusting that my action in this matter meets the approval of the major-general commanding,
I have the honor to be, colonel, your very obedient servant,
A. WATSON WEBBER,  Colonel Fifty-Jirst Regiment U. S. Colored Infantry, Comdg.
Lieut. Col. H. C. RODUERS,
Assistant Adjutant- General, Hdqrs. JJ-intrict of Vicksburg.
Itinerary of the Post and Defenses of Goodrich’s Landing, La., commanded by Col. A. Watson Webber, Fifty-first U. S. Colored Infantry*

Excerpts from “Western Rivermen, 1763 – 1861” , by Michael R. Allen:

1)  Real River pirates operated in the Spanish territory during the 1780’s, in the bayous south of New Orleans, on the Mississippi River, north of the mouth of the Ohio at Grand Tower Rock, and at Stack Island on the Lower Miss. River, near the mouth of the Arkansas.

2)  Travelers and rivermen mentioned robbers and counterfeiters at the ”Crow’s Nest”, and Stack Island—both near the Walnut Hills—in 1809 and 1811.  By 1817, however, traveler J. G. Flugel could describe Stack Island, the “former seat of counterfeiters, murders, and thieves,” as being now “only a bar with a few willows”,

Interestingly, the Arkansas Territory near Stack Island

Earthquake at Island 94, Stack Island

Excerpts from Mr. Roosevelt’s Steamboat”, by Mary Dohan:

“There was Captain Sarpy of St. Louis, with his family, who anchored on the evening of December fifteenth at Island Ninety-four, in the middle of Nine-Mile Reach, not far from Vicksburg, were the view of the river was especially beautiful and the landing good.  It did not strike him as strange that only his vessel took shelter there; after all, other islands lay close, above and below, and as dusk fell, the family moved contentedly about the boat.  A flatboat passed and those aboard waved, called out something.  The Sarpys waved back.  The friendly callers waved again with surprising heartiness, almost frenzy, as the current carried them away.  Soon, on this overcast night, all vessels afloat save local ones familiar with each bend and turn and snag would tie up until day, but even as the light waned, a skiff appeared from the settlement on the opposite shore, being rowed hard against the stream toward Island Ninety-four.  Curious—
They did not come ashore, just called, working their oars.  Captain Sarpy? Captain Sarpy! Word had been passed of his coming, and of the money he carried.  Didn’t he know that Island Ninety four was Stack Island, the Crow’s Nest?  Was he insane? Stack Island! Haunt of pirate gangs for years past, frequented until his death  a few years earlier by Samuel Mason, one-time Revolutionary hero who formed one of the region’s most powerful pirate gangs.  The island had a splendid view of the river for seeing potential victims approach; experienced rivermen passed it with rifles ready and watchful eyes.
Nervously, the Sarpy family lifted lines and dropped quietly downriver to Island Ninety-five, where other boats were moored and crews were armed.  They relaxed.
Until the river convulsed and the crockery fell and the children cried and the crewmen leaped on to the deck, scrambling for safety in the dark.  Here the shocks were weaker, the devastation less than higher upriver, but the continual roaring and the trembling of the earth and the frenzied motion of the vessel held them in terror until morning, when they saw on the river and on the shore the marks of the terrible visitation.  They saw out on the river the floating trees and the matted rafts of debris, saw the swirling foam and the continuous heaving of the agitated stream, looked in awe at one another and then, at someone’s cry of astonishment, looked upstream.  There was no Island Ninety-four.  Where it had been were only swirling water and a mass of wreckage.  No living being moved.
Not only islands vanished.  What of a lake? A lake three hundred yards long and one hundred wide, of clear water and well stocked with fish, escaping in the night by two parallel fissures about eight yards apart.  It had been Mr. Hunter’s and was not far from Little Prairie and was called Lake Eulalie.
What of Mr. Culberson’s smoke house and well, moved during the night to the other side of the Mississippi?”
“Scientists lost no time in speculating on the causes of the quake, nor did other less informed.”

Wednesday, April 6, 2016



F. M. Taylor invented the “Self-adjustable Corn Prop“, and also an “Electric Light Worm Destroyer“.
Isham B. Beard patented a “Double Hiller & Cultivator“
Bodine Keene invented a sprinkling machine.
A Carroll Parish Irishman invents a “unique pencil“.
On the end of the pencil is the sharpener firmly attached... [I wonder if he was blonde??]
Masac Theophile, of Good Hope Plantation, patented the “Life Boat.” #103,637
S. S. Rundell and L. J. Doggett of Delhi, La, inventors of the “Car Coupler“. It was invented in Delhi, La. #373-854.
Beverly Reagan, along with P. J. Reilly and David Steinhaw invented the “Pipe Wrench”, patent #389-666
Mr. Lynch inventor of the “Cotton Sprinkler”.
E. M. Hessellbom, invents the “Dumping Car“, Illawara, La. #148, 059.
Gary Lynch invented a “Saw Sharpener” device. Illawara, La. # #384,168.
E. J. Brown machine for making levees.
Francis C. Jones invented a “Station Indicator & Calendar“. Ouachita Parish, patent #365,184.


Some Patents of East Carroll Parish, Louisiana

1922 Patented June 5, 1923.

Application filed August 31, 1922. Serial No. 585,506;
Be it known that I, EARNEST NEWMAN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Lake Providence, in the parish of East Carroll and State of Louisiana, have invented a new and useful Decoy, of which the following is a specification.
-This invention relates to decoys to .be used in gunning geese or the like, the primary l0 object of the invention being to provide a decoy goose of the collapsible type, wherein the device may be readily and easily, stored when carried from place to place.
Another object of the invention is to provide a: device of this character wherein the sections may be securely locked together, to prevent displacement. 7 With the foregoing and other objects in view which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention resides in the combination and arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter described and claimed," it being understood that changes in the precise embodiment of the invention herein disclosed, may be made within the scope of what is claimed, without departing from the spirit of the invention.
Referring to the drawing Figure 1 is an elevational view of a decoy goose, constructed in accordance with the invention.
Figure 2 is a sectional View taken on line 2-2 of Figure 1. I
Figure 3 is a fragmental detail view disclosing one of the locking elements employed for locking sections of the decoys together.
Referring-to the drawing in detail, the device embodies opposed sections 5 and 6, the sections being curved as clearly shown by Figure 2 of the drawing, so that when the sections are brought together, the outline of the decoy will be that of a goose. These sections may be formed of any suitable mamy own, I have hereto affixed my signature terial such as wood or stamped metal, the body portion being suitably painted to simulate a wild goose.
The section 5 is formed with swinging latch members 7 disposed adjacent to one edge thereof, so that when the latch members I are moved to their latching positions,- the same will overlie the line of connection between the sections to brace the sections.
The latch members are formed with openings 8 extending from one of the side edges thereof, so that the same may be moved into engagement with the pins 9, carried by the opposed section, the pins being formed with heads to contact with the latch members and prevent movement of the latch members. Bolts 10 extend through the sections 5 and 6 adjacent to the lower side edges thereof, which bolts are designed to pass through I suitable openings formed in the supporting band 11 to accommodate the winged nuts-LZ whereby the supporting band may be secured to the body portion of the decoy.
Disposed intermediate the ends of the band 11 is a depending rod 13 which has its lower fend tapered as at 14 to pierce the ground surface to enable the user to properly position the decoy. l I
From the foregoing it will be seen that I have provided simple and efficient means for securing the sections together, and at the same time provided novel I means whereby the sections maybe disconnected to permit them to be readily stored for transportation.
What is claimed as new is a decoy comprising opposed sections, the sections being constructed to simulate, a goose, when the sections are brought together, latching members at the upper portion of the sections for securing the sections I together, bolts disposed adjacent to the lower portion of the sections, a band having openings, said band adapted to engage the under- surfaces of the/sections, the openings adapted to receive the bolts to secure the sections together and a rod having connection with the band to the decoy.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as provide a support for in the presence of two-witnesses.
Witnesses: J. M. WILLAMS and E. J. HAMLEY.
Patented Dec. 9. 1902.   No. 7I5,248.

Application filed Feb, B, 1902.)        (No Model.)  Ill.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 715,248, dated December 9, 1902 Application led February 8, 1902. Serial No. 93,164. (No model.) "Be it known that  L. KATHERINE MCCULLOCH DAVIS, a citizen of the United States, residing at Lake Providence, in the parish of East Carroll and State of Louisiana, have invented a new and useful Protective Garment for Infants and other Purposes, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to a protective garment for infants or small children and other purposes, and contemplates the provision of simple and effective means for preventing the clothing of an infant or child from becoming wet from natural causes and also to serve I5 as means for preventing bedding
upon which the child is disposed from becoming wet or soiled, the improved device also being capable of use as a shoulder protective means by adults during shampooing or other analogous operations.
The invention consists in the construction and arrangement of the several parts, which will be more fully hereinafter described and claimed. In the drawings, Figure l is a perspective view of the improved garment shown attached to a waist and as it will appear when in use on an infant or child. Fig. 2 is a detail perspective view of the improved garment shown arranged as a shoulder protective means. Fig. 3 is a plan view of the improved garment shown opened out dat.
Similar numerals of reference are employed to indicate corresponding parts in the several views.
The numeral l designates the improved protective garment, which is of rectangular form, as clearly shown by Fig. 3, and composed of a suitable water or moisture proof material such, for instance, as that usually employed in making shield-diapers and the like and composed of sheet-rubber incased between inner and outer fabric coverings. The body of the garment is formed with a plurality of Ventilating-openings 2, and the edges are provided With reinforce-bindings 3. Adjacent to one end edge of the body a series of buttons et or analogous fastenings are secured, and to the opposite end edge a plurality of tabs 5 are attached and formed with buttonholes 6 to removably engage the buttons 4. At the upper edge of the body l are a series of loops 7, as clearly shown in Fig. 2, having buttonholes 8 formed in contiguous parte thereof to adapt the said loops for the dual purpose of attachment to buttons 9 of a waist 10 and also to receive a draw-string or tape 1l. (See Fig. 2.)
When the garment is attached to the waist 10, as shown by Fig. l, it will .be interposed 6o between the garments of the infant or child and the ordinary diaper, and thus serve as a skirt to prevent the moisture from the diaper affecting the garments. At night the garment may be similarly Worn by the child or infant and serve as a shield to prevent the night-garments and bed clothing from becoming wet or soiled, and as a night-garment the tabs 5 are detached from the buttons 4 and the loops 7 partially disconnected at the front, 7o so that the garment may be opened and avoid too closely conning the child during sleep. At other times the improved garment may be entirely removed from the child or infant and spread out over the bed clothing to prevent the latter from becoming moistened or soiled.
One of the material advantages of the improved garment is that it can be adjusted or applied to an infant or child while the latter is fully clothed without removal of the upper 8o garments, and for this purpose the waist is provided with shoulder-straps l2, that can be readily buttoned or unbuttoned in relation to the upper front portion of the said Waist, as clearly shown by Fig. l. This provides a very convenient combination-garment, and' the entire device will prove a means of preserving a child or infant in a cleanly condition. The shoulder-straps 12 are adapted to y be placed in engagement with one or more 9o buttons 13 on the front upper portion of the. Waist, and by this means the size of the Waist adjacent the strap l2 may be varied at will to suit different infants or children.
The improved device is both healthful and comfortable, and in addition to the main use as a protective means for children the loops 7 can be detached from the buttons 9 and the draw-string 11 threaded through said loops to adapt the device to be placed over the roc shoulders of an adult or a child to serve as a protective cape While pursuing shampooing or like operations and prevent the garments from becoming wet or moist.
The improved device is simple in its construction and comparatively inexpensive, and many other uses may be made of the same, and among which may be noted that the improved device is also applicable to serve as an apron While administering a bath to a child or infant. I
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new is- 1. As an improved article of manufacture a protective garment formed of Waterproof material and having buttonhole-tabs projecting from one end edge to removably engage buttons on the opposite end and also provided with loops at the upper edge formed with buttonholes for attaching purposes.
2. AAs an improved article of manufacture a garment of the class-set forth having loops projecting above the upper edge thereof, the said loops having buttonholes formed in contiguous parts of the same.
3. A protective garment having loops to receive a draw-string, said loops being provided with buttonholes in the sides thereof, substantially as set forth.
-In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
Witnesses:  WM. H. T. SHADE and PERRY M. BROWNE.

CUTTER FOR RICE-FIELDS.  Patented Oct. 22, 1912. Application filed Sept. 2, 1911. Serial No. 617,32.
To all whom it may concern: Be it known that I, WILLIAM E. LONG, a citizen of the United States, residing at Lake Providence, in the parish of East Carroll and State of Louisiana, have invented a new and useful Cutter for Rice-Fields, of which the following is a specification.  The object of my present .invention is, therefore, to produce a tool which may be readily and efficiently used for cutting the weeds after the field has been flooded to approximately the depth desired.
The accompanying 7/ drawing, which is a perlspective view, illustrates my improved too The tool consists of a fairly long and comparatively wide, flat conveniently made of a good grade of soft steel and preferably has its two side edges confrom the handle end, said edges being sharpened as clearly indicated at 11. Secured along the middle of the top face of blade 10 is a reinforcing finger 12 which serves to stiffen the blade, and this finger is conveniently a portion of a fitting having an upwardly and rearwardly inclined handle cket 13 adapted to receive a handle l i of any desired length and shape.
And a blade 10, which is con-.In operation, the operator, after a rice field has been flooded, goes into the field with the tool described and, by letting a major portion of its weight rest upon the water, floats it upon the water and swings it from side to side, cutting the projecting tops of everything at the surface of the water and very easily cutting a swath about ten feet wide, the weeds and tops of the rice stalks being very tender. The topping of the rice at this period in its growth, before the stalk flattens preparing to boot, benefits the rice and the topped weeds die as soon as the water is increased a little in depth.
The angle of handle 14: relative to the blade is such as to make a convenient hold for the operator with the blade substantially horizontal so that it readily floats upon the surface of the water.
I claim as my invention:
1. A rice field tool comprising a comparatively thin broad blade long in comparison to its breadth and having its long edges sharpened and slightly convergent, handle projecting obliquely upwardly from the butt end thereof.
2. A rice field tool comprising a comparatively thin broad blade having its long edges sharpened, and a handle projecting obliquely upwardly from the butt end thereof.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and seal at Lake Providence, this 30th day of August, A. D. one thousand nine hundred and eleven.
W. LONG. 1. 5.
Witnesses: H. F. SEMPLE and W. McF. LONG.

APPLIOATION FILED AFB. 3, 1908.  923,960. Patented June 8, 1909.
TIGHTENING DEVICE I Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed April 3, 1908.
Patented June 8, 1909. Serial No. 425,038.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, HARVEY ENGLISH, a citizen of the United States, residing at Millikin, in the parish of East Carroll and State of Louisiana, have invented a new and useful Wire-Tightening Device, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon.
Similar letters of reference refer to similar parts throughout the specifications and drawings.
The objects of my invention are to provide a device that can be used instead of the wooden pins and glass insulators now in use on poles, cross-arms and other surfaces supporting electrical and other wires; that W1ll when secured to a pole or other surface support a wire chain or rope extended in a line, and without cutting the line, will quickly, effectively and securely take up the slack or sag of said line and hold it at any tension desired; that can be applied to the line between poles and get the same results. To do this I employ certain combinations of parts, first fully described and then pointed out in the claim.
In the drawings Figure 1., is a front elevation of the device. Fig. 2. is a cross section view on line x. w. of Fig. 1. Fig. 3. is a cross section view on line y. y. of Fig. 1.
B. is a cone shaped drum, the large end of said drum is flattened at sides F F. to receive operating wrench and bisected by slot 0. to below level of top of ratchet E. The small end of drum B. has, secured thereto a flange A. having a laterally projecting rim thereon, said rim being formed with ratchet teeth E. adapted to engage a wire when wound on drum B.
P. is a projection on underside of flange A. This projection strengthens flange A. and reduces the contact surface between the device and the surface to which it may be attached. This projection may be made much thicker than shown in the drawings.
W. is a hole through the center of drum B. flange A. and projection P. to receive the fastening which secures the device to a pole or other surface.
0. O. O. O. are holes in flange A. to provide rapid drainage of water from device when used in horizontal position. These holes may be as large as a due regard to the strength of the device will allow.
The top and face of teeth of ratchet E. and two diagonally opposite corners of slot G. are of rounded shape to prevent line from breaking on sharp angles.
My device can be formed in one piece, of metal, glass or other material or combinations of materials, without loose parts. This device can be made of any size, to apply to any size of line from the smallest line made, to a large size cable.
To operate my device any suitable fastening, as a wire spike, wood screw or bolt, is placed in hole W. and the device is secured to a pole or other surface, allowing the device to rotate freely. The line is placed in slot 0. A wrench is applied to sides F. F. of drum B., or a lever is inserted in slot C. of drum B. The device is then rotated in a direction which causes the line to come in contact with the rounded corners of slot C. wind around drum B. and engage with the teeth on ratchet E. The cone shape of drum B. and the strain on the line produced by rotating the device forces the line to the small end of drum B. thereby keeping the line in constant contact with ratchet E. When the line is tightened sufficiently the ratchet E. securely holds it at the tension secured.
My invention has the following advantages: It is inexpensive in manufacture, simple in operation, and effective in results. It is capable of universal application, can be fastened to a pole or other surface and applied to the line or can be applied to the line between the poles, the line, without cutting can then be tightened and held at any tension desired; can be used on any kind or size of line. When fastened to a pole or other surface it supports the line.
Changes in the form, proportion and minor details of construction may be resorted to without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of this invention.
I am aware that prior to my invention, tightening devices have been made with flanges, ratchets, drums or spindles, slots and holes. I therefore do not claim originality of inventions in their use. But I do claim that by my combination of these and other elemental features I have produced a device which is different in design and results achieved from any tightening device heretofore produced; which can be used in any place where any device of this class can be used; which can be used in places and positions Where no other device of this class can be used, and produce same results as my device.
Of the various devices which have come under my observation, there is but one that can be fastened to a pole and operated; and in that one the line must be out before it can be attached to the device. That device would be useless Where it is imperative that the line be in a continuous unbroken line 3 as for instance any electrical Wire line. My device can be fastened to a pole or other surface and without cutting the line, will tighten the line and hold it at any tension desired. My device supports the line, other devices, with the one above noted excepted, are supported by the line.
What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
In a Wire tightening device, a cone shaped drum having its larger end provided with Wrench engaging surfaces and a transverse slot adapted to receive a line, a circular flange extending laterally from the smaller end, said flange provided with an upstanding rim having ratchet teeth formed thereon, said flange having a centrally located thickened portion adapted to form a bearing surface, the drum having a centrally located passage substantially as described.

No. 348,168. Patented Aug. 24, 1886.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 348,168, dated August 24, 1886.
Application filed February 0, H86. Serial No. 191281. (No model.)
Be it known that we, GARRY GERALDAS LYNCH and PETER LANTON, citizens of the United States, residing` at lllawara, in the parish of East Carroll and State of Louisiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Saw-Sharpeners; and we do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the annexed drawings, making a part of this specification, and to the letters and figures of reference marked thereon.
Figure l of the drawings is a side elevation of our invention, showing it in position for use on a gin-saw; Fig. 2, a similar view showing the reverse side of the device with a portion broken away; Fig. 3, a detail sectional View taken on line x x of Fig. 2; Fig. 4, a ' similar View taken on line y y of same figure, and Fig. 5 a detail View of the brace.
The present invention has relation to certain new and useful improvements in saw- Sharpeners, and refers more particularly to that class adapted for sharpening saws used in ginning cotton, wherein it is of the greatest importance that the gum or bottom of the notch between the teeth be as round as possible, and that there be no sharp edges to cut or injure the bar.
The object of the invention, therefore, is to provide a simple and effective device for attachment to the saw and the ile of the device so under control that a clean, round, smooth gum is made that will not injure the fiber and with comparatively little labor by the operator, which objects are attained by the construction substantially as shown in the drawings, and hereinafter described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings, A represents a stationary frame, to which is pivoted a bracket, B, the arms of which form bearings for an upright shaft, a, and to the lower end of this shaft is attached the file C. A handle, l). at the upper end of the shaft, enables it to be rotated, and with it the file C, which may be turned from side to side by the lateral swinging of the bracket B, thus enabling the bottom and sides of the notch or gum of the saw to be rounded smoothly and cleanly. The pivot c on the bracket B depends from a tapering block, d, held in a socket upon the underside and lower end of the bracket by keys e, one on each side of the block, the object of which is to adjust the position of the bracket from a perpendicular to an angle, so as to adapt the le to different thicknesses or sizes of saws. The upper pivot, j', depends from the end of a liat spring, g, the opposite end of said spring being attached to the upper end of the frame A, and the pivot, extending down through an eye, h, forms the stationary axis of the bracket. By slightly raising the free end of the spring the pivot f is elevated sufficiently to admit of the bracket being removed for adjustment, as here in before described.
To the bracket B is pivoted a bell-crank hand-lever, D, the lower end thereof engaging a notched slide, E, by which means it can be moved either back or forth, to loosen or tighten the pivoted or hinged jaw F of the clamp upon the saw G.
The meeting ends of the slide E and jaw F are wedge shape, and overlap each other, as shown in Fig. 4. The bolts ij, which pass through the stationary clamp bar H, also pass through slots in the slide and pivoted jaw of the clamp.
To loosen the clamp F, the lower end of the bell-crank hand-lever l) is made to engage with the notch in the sliding wedge E, as shown in Fig. 1, and the handle end of the lever raised. This will push back the sliding wedge and release the clamp upon the saw and admit of the device being moved and the file placed in the gum of the saw.
After the device is in position on the saw, and the le in the gum thereof, the file is revolved by means of the handle on .the shaft until the desired depth is cut, after which the bell-crank hand-lever is raised to loosen the clamp, and the file placed in the next gum, the file being moved from side to side by means of the handle end of the bell-crank lever at the same time it is being revolved, thus cutting the gum out round and smooth 011 both sides.
One end of a rest, I, is connected to the frame A, and is adjustable by means of the slot 7'.' and bolt and nut l m, so as to adapt it to saws of different sizes. The rest I is curved, as shown, and its free end preferably slotted 4^, straddling the third saw to the right or left to t over the saw or straddle it, and in this slot or bifurcated end of the rest is a pivoted bar, n, which rests directly upon the perimeter of the saw.
'Io the frame A is pivoted a feeding-pawl, o, its free end engaging with the teeth of the saw, as is common in this class of devices.
Although We have shown and described our device as applied to gin-saws, it is equally applicable to all classes of saws; and to steady the V device when in use We employ a brace, K, consisting of an arm, p, and slotted head r, the arm being held to the frame A by bolt s and nut t. The brace thus connected is at right angles to the frame and the slotted head of the frame, and is adjustable by means of 'the slot u in the arm.
We claim- I. In a saw Sharpener, the combination, with a suitable frame and clamping device for securing it to the saw, of a swinging bracket supported in said frame, and a rotary shaft carrying the iile and having its bearings in the bracket, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
2, In a saw sharpener, a suitable franie and means for attaching it to the saw, in combination with a swinging bracket provided with an adjustable pivot, and a rotary shaft carrying the file and having its bearings in the bracket, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
3. In a saw-Sharpener, a suitable frame and rotary shaft carrying a file, in combination with a clamping device for securing the frame to the saw, consisting of a stationary clamp arin and a pivoted or hinged jaw and a slide, l said jaw and slide having Wedge-shaped ends which overlap each other, substantially as and for the purpose described.
4. In a saw-Sharpener, a suitable frame, a swinging bracket supported therein, and a rotary shaft carrying the file having its bearings in the bracket, in combination with arest adjustabl y connected to the frame and having a slotted extremity, and a bar pivoted therein, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 1 & 2.   Patented Dec. 14, 1909. 
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Dec. 1d, 1909.  Application led April 21, 1909. Serial No. 491,323.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, CHARLES C. WHITTINGTON, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at Lake Providence, in the parish of East Carroll and State of Louisiana, have invented new and useful Improvements in Plows, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to plows designed for the purpose of making levees for irrigating rice fields, for digging ditches, building roads and leveling the ground, and one of the principal objects of the invention is to provide an attachment to an ordinary road plow for extending the scope of the plow and for insuring a straight draft line.
Another object of the invention is to provide an extended mold board and an extended landside adapted to be connected to the mold board and landside of a plow for giving greater range to the operation of ditching, roading and leveling the ground.
Still another object of the invention is to provide means for adjusting the extensible landside and mold board toward and from one another and to provide a guide wheel between the mold board and landside for holding the plow in proper draft line.
Still another object of the invention is to provide a scraper for removing stones and other obstructions from in front of the guide Wheel.
These and other objects may be attained by means of the construction illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a perspective view looking at the rear of a plow made in accordance with my invention. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the same, looking at the mold board side of the plow. Fig. 3 is a top plan view of the plow, the handle bars, the standard and braces being shown in section. Fig. t is a detail horizontal section, showing the manner of pivotally connecting the front end of the extensible mold board to the mold board proper of the plow. Fig. 5 is a detail vertical sectional View of the same. Fig. 6 is an elevation and partial section of the telescopic brace extending from the landside to the mold board extension for holding the same in adjusted relation.
Referring to the drawing, the numeral 1 designates the beam; 2 is the standard; 3 is the mold board; 1 is the point or share; 5 is the landside, and 6 are the handles of a road plow of ordinary construction. Extending from the beam to the landside is a brace 7, and a diagonal brace 8 extends from the standard to the underside of the beam. The handle bars 9 are connected to the rear end of the beam 1 by means of bolts 10, the lower ends of said handle bars being connected to the landside by a bolt 11. A brace rod 12 extends across from the handle bars 9 to the handle bar 9a.
The landside bar 18 is removably connected to the landside 5 by means of a bolt 14 extending through the landside and through the front end of the landside bar. A brace 15 is connected by means of a bolt 16 to the landside bar, said brace being also connected to the rear end of the beam. Diagonal braces 17 are connected to the rear end of the landside bar, said braces being connected to the handle bars 9 and 9a by means of a cross round 18. Connected to the heel end of the landside bar is a cutter blade 19 designed to cut the side wall of a ditch or banking.
The extensible mold board member 20 is pivotally connected inside the mold board 3 upon a bolt 21 extending through a pivoted yoke or clip 22 and through a lug 23 formed on the inner side of the extensible mold board 20. A bolt 24 is connected to the clip or yoke 22, said bolt extending through the clip 22 and through the mold board 3 where it is fitted with a nut 25 and a suitable wedge-shaped washer 26, as shown more clearly in Fig. 5.
Connected to the landside bar 13 is an eye bolt 27, and connected to said eye bolt is a telescopic rod 28 which extends into a tubular member 29 provided with a series of perforations 30. The rod 28 is adjustably secured to the member 29 by means of a pin 8l extending through a perforation in the rod 28 and through any of the perforations 30. The pin 31 maybe connected to the member 29 by means of a chain or wire 32. The member 29 is connected to an eye bolt 83 extending through the mold board extension 20. A similar telescopic brace 34 has one of its members connected to the mold board upon the inside thereof, and the opposite end being connected to the handle bars 9.
To hold the plow in line of draft a wheel 35 is connected to an adjusting bar 36 provided with a series of holes 37 to receive a pin 38 extending through a keeper 39 on the mold board extension 20. The Wheel 35 is provided with a cutting disk L adapted to enter the ground and to prevent side draft to the plow.
A guard or scraper a() is connected by means of braces 4l to an adjustable bar 42 mounted on the axle of the wheel The bar 42 is provided with a series of perforations 43 to receive a pin 44 extending through a keeper provided with perforations 46, said keeper being secured at the inner side of the mold board extension 20. A handle l-T is connected to the upper side of the mold board extension 2O for convenience in handling the name.
From the foregoing description it will be understood that the mold board extension 2O may be readily connected to or disconnected from the mold board 3 of the plow by removing the bolt 24k, and the landside may be removed from the plow by disconnecting the bolt M and the braces l5 and 17. Whenever it is desired to adjust the landside and mold board relatively toward or from each other the telescopic members 2S and 29 may be adjusted, the telescopic member 34. being also relatively adjustable. The guide wheel 35 and the guard scraper l0 may be adjusted by means of the bars 36 and l2 and their pins for holding them in proper relative a adjustment.
My invention is of simple construction, can be quickly connected to or disconnected from an ordinary road plow and is very efficient and reliable for its purposes.
I claim l. In an attachment for plows, a removable mold board extension pivotally connected to the mold board of a plow, a landside bar connected to the landside of a plow, means for holding said parts in adjusted positions, and a guide wheel provided on one side thereof with a cutter disk of greater diameter than the wheel, said wheel being mounted upon an adjusting bar inside the mold board extension for holding the plow in draft line. y
2. A plow attachment comprising a mold board extension, a guide wheel inside the mold board having an extended disk having a cutter secured to said wheel, said cutter being of larger diameter than the wheel, an adjusting bar to which said wheel is journaled, a keeper through which said bar extends, a scraper connected to an adjusting bar, said scraper being disposed in front of said guide wheel to bear upon the ground, and means for adjusting said bar upon the mold board extension.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.    CHARLES (lLlNT. WHITTINGTON.
Witnesses R. L. MCKEE, ABE SIMON.
In testimony that we claim the above we have hereunto subscribed our names in the presence of two witnesses.
Witnesses;  J. C.. Bass, W. S. BROWN.

No. 572,906.v    Patented Deo. 29, 1896'.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 573,906, dated December 29, 1896.
Application filed August 14, 1896.

To whom it may concern,.-
Be it known that I, JOHN CHISM MCCRAE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Lake Providence, in the parish of East Carroll and State of Louisiana, have invented a new and useful Button or Clasp, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to buttons, and more especially to that class commonly known as bachelors buttons.
The object of the invention is to provide an improved button which is adapted to be instantly attached to and detached from a garment without the use of thread, and also to provide a device of the character mentioned which shall have simple but effective means for securely holding the same in position for use.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective view showing the button in position for use on a waistband. Fig. 2 is a side elevation thereof. Fig. 3 is an end view. Fig. Fig. 5 is a detail perspective view of one of the jaws.
Similar numerals of reference indicate corresponding parts throughout the figures.
Referring to the drawings, 1 2 designate a pair of jaws respectively provided with handle-bars 3 4, the said jaws having their inner faces serrated.
As illustrated, the device is adapted for use with suspenders, and for engagement with the suspender-buttonhole the jaw 1is provided with a button 5. Each of the jaws is provided at its end adjacent the handle-bar with a hinge-plate 6, the ends 7 of which are bent at substantially right angles to the body of the plate, and having openings 8 pierced there through. These hinge-plates are secured to the outer faces of the jaws by rivets or/similar fastenings 9 and are pivotally secured together by means of a transverse pin 10, passing through the openings S, the ends of one hinge-plate fitting between the ends of the other.
The handle-bars 3 4,'at the point where they are secured to their respective jaws, are diagonally opposite, and by reason of this diagonal arrangement may freely pass each other. To permit the proper Working of the jaws, the said handle-bars are inclined slightly at an angle to the former and cross each other, so
Serial No. 602,799. (No model.) that when pressure is applied their outer ends are forced together and thereby close the jaws. The handle-bar 3 is formed at its free end with a substantially T-shaped head 11, one end of said T-shaped head extending to a point diametrically opposite the handle-bar 4 and having` secured at approximately right angles thereto, by means of a rivet or similar fastening 12, a latch 13. This latch 13 is formed of spring metal and is provided with a substantially T-shaped end 14, the latter being slightly beveled on its inner face for a purpose to be hereinafter described.
The handle-bar4, it will be noted, is slightly longer than the handle-bar 3 and is provided in its end with a U -shaped notch 15, said.
handle-bar having one face slightly beveled, while in its opposite face is formed a pair of notches 16.
To apply the button, it is simply necessary to open the jaws 1 and 2 and insert the garment between them. Pressure is then applied to the handle-bars, thereby forcing them together and closing the jaws. The latch 13, by reason of its beveled under side contacting with the beveled face of the handle-bar 4,1idcs over the end of the latter, and the T-shaped end 14, when it has arrived opposite the U-shaped notch 15, drops into the latter, the notch 15 being of greater width i ing the jaws from engagement with the cloth.
The serrations on the inner faces of the jaws 1 and Zare blunt to prevent tearing of the garment, which is obviously a decided advantage.
While the herein-described device is especially adapted for use as a button, still I wish it to be understood that I do not limit myself to such application, it being apparent that the same may be used as a clasp and for a variety of analogous purposes.
I claim as my invention- Y 1. In a device of the character described, the combination with a pair of jaws, one of which carries a button, of a hinge-plate secured to each of said jaws, a pivotal pin connecting the hinge-plates, and a spring-latch IOO for holding the jaws in a locked position, substantially as set forth.
2. In a device of the class described, the combination with a pair of pivoted jaws, of diagonally opposite handle-bars secured to the jaws, and a spring T-shaped latch for holding` the handle-bars in a locked position; substantially as set forth.
3. In a device of the character described, the combination with a pair of pivoted jaws, the inner faces of which are serrated, of diagonally opposite handle-bars secured to the jaws, one of said jaws having a T-shaped head, and a spring-latch carried thereby, substantially as described.
4l. Ina device of the class described, the combination with a pair of pivoted jaws, oiA handle-bars secured to said jaws, one of said handle-bars being provided with a T-shaped head and carrying a spring-latch, and the other having a U-shaped notch adapted to be engaged by the spring-latch, substantially as described.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two Witnesses.
Witnesses:  D. A. RUSSELL, W. G. D. Tonen.

DITCHING MAGHINE. No. 244,466. 'Patented July 19,1881.
Patented July 19,1881.    2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 244,466, dated  July 19, 1881. 1
Application filed April 21, 1881.    (No model.)

To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, GARRY G. LYNGH, a citizen of the United States, residing at Illawara, in the parish of East Carroll and State of Louisiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Ditching and Leveeing Machines; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the annexed drawings, making a part of this specification, and to the letters and figures of reference marked thereon.
Figure I of the drawings is a perspective view of my invention. Fig. 2 is a side elevation thereof; Fig. 3, a vertical longitudinal section. Fig. at is a detail View, in section, showing the connections for raising and lowering the truck-frame; Fig. 5 is a detail view of a portion of the revolving cylinder, the bucket, and spring-connection; and Fig. 6 is a similar view of one of the buckets and end of the cam, showing the two engaging with each other.
The present invention has relation to certain new and useful improvements in rotary ditching-machines, and has for its object to provide means whereby the process of excavating and depositing the earth is greatly facilitated, which; object I attain by the construction shown in the drawings and hereinafter described.
The frame of the machine, to which the several operating parts are connected and by which they are supported. To the rear of the frame A is connected a vertically adjustable frame, B, having grooved uprights, carrying at their lower ends the truck, wheels at, said frame being guided in its movement by plates 12, secured to the sides of the standards a, and embracing or overlapping the sides of the frame B. The sides of the frame B have connected to them two cords or ropes, d e, ' which cross each other, one passing under and the other over a pulley, f, journaled within the slotted ends of the standards. These cords or ropes pass from the pulleys to a Windlass, G, to which they are connected, said Windlass having a hand-wheel, g, or other suitable means for operating it. A clutch, h, pivoted to the 0 platform D, engages with the spokes of the hand-wheel g and holds the Windlass from is being moved along over the same. In the accompanying drawings, A represents .turning in either direction after the frame B (which I shall term a truck-frame) has been elevated or depressed.
Although I have shown a Windlass and cords or ropes for lowering or elevating the truck frame, I do not desire to be confined to such means, as in place thereof cog-wheels and pinions may be used, or any convenient means that will admit of the truck frame being either or lowered or raised. I am aware that these vertically- 6o adjustable frames carrying suitable wheels are not new in connection with ditching or excavating machines, and that tongues and grooves have been employed to guide the frames and steady them in their vertical movement. The, 6 construction of my invention, as hereinbefore described, differs materially from the construction in common use, as by the addition of the angular plates 1) more strength is given to the parts, also insuring a more perfect adjustable 7o ferential flanges or rims k, as shown in Fig. 3, for cutting into the earth and bringing the outer circumference of the cylinder in contact with the surface of the earth as the machine The axlet' has rigidly connected to it by any suitable means a cam, F, with a projecting rim, 1, upon each side thereof, which engage with the slotted edges of buckets H as the cylinder revolves and brings the buckets in contact with 8 5 the flanges upon the cam. Each bucket has connected to it one end of a flat spring, m; or, if desired, it may simply pass through a hole in the bucket, while the opposite end is fastened by any suitable means to the ends G of the cylinder E. The ends of the cylinder E have radial grooves n, to serve as guides for the buckets H, the ends thereof entering the grooves at both ends of the cylinder.
A scraper, I, is connected by any suitable 5 means to the frame A, and has the same general curve as the cylinder E, extending on the same circumferential line with the flanges k.
A dirtbox, K, is located at the forward end of the frame A, said box having a pivoted or me hinged bottom, L, with handle 0, by which means the box can be emptied of the dirt when necessary, a chute, p, delivering the dirt as it is taken around by the buckets to the box K. This dirt-box K is-dispensed with when the machine is used for ditching, and in place thereof a trough, L, is employed. The trough has at one end a pulley, q, over which passes an endless belt, M, the opposite end of said belt passing over a pulley, 1', which has its bearings both in the end of the trough and the frame A. The belt M, being in motion, carries the dirt as it passes from the chute p into the trough L over the end thereof, as indicated by the arrows in Fig. 1.   The pulley r, by which motion is given to the belt M, is driven by pulleys s t u and belt or cord 12 passing around said pulleys and around a pulley, w, rigidly secured to the end of the revolving cylinder E. Any suitable means, however, may be employed for operating the pulley r and belt M, as found best adapted to the purpose. Spunge a ring also may be used on large machines.
In the operation of the machine, when it is intended to work, the truck-wheels a are raised from the ground by elevating the frame B, this being done by the cords d c and windlass O. This being done, the weight of the machine will embed the flanges k in the ground until the surface of the cylinder rests upon the surface of the ground. As the machine is drawn forward by horses attached to it, the same as a common wagon, the cylinder E is caused to revolve, and the scraper I takes up the dirt, and the bucket. H nearest to the edge of the scraper is forced out against the inner side thereof, which carries the dirt up and deposits it on the chute p, where it is emptied into the dirt-box K. The bucket H, which carries up the dirt, passes around with the revolution of the cylinder until the slotted or recessed edge of said bucket engages with the flanges l, and by the action of the cam F the bucket is gradually drawn in the cylinder E until its outer edge is flush with the outer surface thereof. This enables the cylinder E to pass unobstructed by the chute p, the bucket being held within the cylinder until it passes beyond and is disconnected from the lower end of the flanges 1. At this point the spring m again forces the bucket outward against the interior surface of the Scraper I, to carry up the dirt, as before.
When the dirt-box K is filled the frame B is lowered until the wheels a come in contact with the ground, and the surface of the cylinder raised from contact therewith. In this position the machine is drawn to the place where it is desired to unload, when the handle 0 is brought back in position shown in dotted lines, Fig. 3, which will empty the box of its contents. When the operation of the cylinder E and buckets H stops, there will always be left a quantity of dirt from the point at which the bucket takes it up to the point of discharge. To empty the dirt thus left around the cylinder, I affix to one side of the cylinder a ratchet wheel, P, and loosely to the axle i a lever, it, which carries a pawl, y.
The addition of a suitable spring-pawl may be made to prevent the ratchet-wheel from turning backward, or in a reverse direction from that to which the ratchet wheel is turned by the lever. By this arrangement the cylinder, after being raised from the ground, may be turned back and forth by the lever, which will empty it of the dirt remaining partially around its surface.
Having now fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
l. The cam F, having flanges l, and rigidly secured to the stationary axle or shaft 2', in combination with the revolving cylinder E, the buckets H, having slotted edges to engage with the flanges l, and the springs m, substantially as and for the purpose described.
2. The frame B, having grooved uprights, and carrying the truck-wheels a, in combination with the angular plates 1), connected to the standards 0, and means, substantially as described, for elevating or lowering said frame, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
3. The cylinder E, buckets H, springs m, and cam F, in combination with the chute p and dirt-box K, provided with a pivoted or hinged bottom, L, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
In testimony that I claim the above I have hereunto subscribed my name in the presence of two witnesses.
GARRY G. LYNCH.     Witnesses:  A. G. BELDEN, GEO. A. BARHAM.

APPLICATON FILED MAR- 24. 1913. l ,204, l 83 Patented Nov. 7, 1916.
G. H. OMEALEY. GRAIN SHOCKER.    APPLICATION FILED MAR. 24. I913.    Patented Nov. 7, 1916.
APPLICATION FILIED MAR. 24. 1916.    Patented Nov. 7, 1916.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Nov. 7, 1916.
Application filed March 24, 1913. Serial No. 756,625.

Be it known that l, GEORGE l-l. OMEALEY, a citizen of the United States, residing at Lake Providence, in the parish of East Carroll, State of Louisiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Grain- Shockers; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention relates to grain shockers and has special reference to a motor driven shocker for shocking grain as the same is harvested.
One object of the invention is to improve the general construction of devices of this character. V  The second object of the invention is to provide an improved shocking table.   A third object of the invention is to provide improved means for holding the shock while it is being dropped.    lilith the above and other objects in view the invention consists in general of certain novel details of construction and combination of parts hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and specifically claimed.
ln the accompanying drawings, like characters of reference indicate like parts in the several views, and Figure 1 is a general plan view of the entire device. Fig. 2 is a side elevation thereof. Fig. 3 is a central longitudinal section through the tractor frame showing the driving mechanism carried thereby. Fig. 4- is a transverse section on the line 1 -l of Fig. 1. Fig. 5 is a similar section on the line 5--5 of' Fig. 1. Fig. 6 is a detail section on the line 6 G of Fig. 1. Fig. 7 is a section taken through the shocking table. Fig. 8 is a view of the means used for varying the position vertically of the front of the tractor frame. Fig. 9 is an enlarged detail of the steering mechanism. Fig. 10 is an enlarged detail showing the means for varying the speed of the transmission and for reversing the same. Fig. 11 is a detail section through the shocker showing the shock table raised in full lines and dropped in dotted lines. Fig. 12 is a view showing in detail the arrangement for holding the teeth of the shocker table in place.
In considering the construction of the device it may be esserne in Several ,wmf ponent parts. In carrying out the description these parts will be referred to as a whole by certain capital letters. 1n carrying out the invention there is provided a reaper of any preferred description and this is indicated in general at A. There is also provided a tractor E which carries the reaper and which serves to operate the entire device by .means of its connection. This tractor also supports a shocker table C to which the bundles are conveyed by means of the carrier D, the bundles being deposited on the carrier from the reaper.
Referring now to the reaper A, this reaper is provided with the usual knife 10 actuated in any preferred manner, the platform 1.1., elevator 12 and binder deck 13.
The tractor includes the longitudinal frame members 111 on the outside of the frame and the internal longitudinal members rllhese longitudinal members are connected together by the transverse inembers 16 and to the longitudinal members l-l and 1-3 there are secured, at the rear of the machine, an upward and inwardly curved member 17. The rear end of this goose neck member is connected to casting 18 whereon is pivotally mounted an inverted U-shaped yoke 19, a shaft 2O extending through a suitable opening in the casting 18 and through a bearing sleeve 21 carried by the yoke for the purpose of making this pivotal connection. At the lower ends of the yoke arms there are provided bearings through which passes a shaft 23 having fixed thereon the ground wheels 24. rllhere is also fixed on the shaft 23 a bevel gear 25 which meshes with a bevel gear 26 fixed upon the shaft 20. Mounted on the upper end of the shaft is a friction wheel .27 which is preferably made of iron and is provided with an elongated hub 28 to prevent` tilting of the wheel 27. rlhis wheel 2'? is provided on each side of its periphery with abevel friction face 29. Carried on the goose neck 17 are bearings 30 wherein are mounted the short shafts 31 and the long shaft 32.
On the shafts 31 and 32 are paper bevel friction wheels 33 arranged in pairs so that they firmly clasp the faces of the wheel 27. one of the wheels 33 is fixed upon the shaft 32 while the other wheel on said shaft rotates freely thereon. One of the shafts 31 is geared to the shaft 32 by means of the saar Wheel-S 3.4 e116.'- .On the Shaft $2 is a sprocket 35 Which is connected by a link chain belt 86 with a sprocket 37 fixed upon the main or drive shaft 38 Which shaft is provided With a universal joint 4-9. The latter is driven by means of an engine V89 Which is preferably of the multi-cylinder marine type. Secured to the upper part of the yoke 19 on the front side thereof is a semi-circular grooved member l0 which is connected to said yoke by bolts 41. ln the groove of this member are carried the cables l2 which are led from guide pulleys i3 to a Winding drum le provided with a crank handle 45.V V These cables 42 are Wound Y in .opposite directions on the drum so that as one cable Winds up, the other Will unwind thereby rotating the yoke 19 with respect to the shaft 2O independently of the movement of said shaft. So far as this part of the apparatus is concerned it will be obvious that When the shaft 38 is driven by the 'engine 39 the shaft 82 will also be driven and this in turn Will drive the shaft 20 which Will thereby convey movement to the V tractor Wheels 24;. ln order that the engine may be allowed to run `\Tith ut driving the wheels 2d there is Yprmiided on the shaft 38 a suitable clutch mechanism -l6 which is controlled V by an ordinary clutch lever 4:7.xtending from the opposite end of the engine 39 is a shaft e8. The forward end of the shaft f8 haskeyed thereon a sleeve 50 carrying a shipper ring 51 controlled by a lever Mounted on this sleeve are spaced pairs of bevel friction pulleys 53 and one pulley of each pair is fixed by a key53 on the sleeve ivhereby it will be prevented from either rotative or longitudinal. movement on the sleeve, While the other is rotatably mounted thereon. These loose pulleys 53 support the opposite side of' each of the disks to that engaged by the fixed pulleys V53 V so that rocking movement of the disks is prevented. On the sleeve is also mounted a gear 54: which meshes with a gear fixed upon a shaft V 56v supported in suit 7 able bearings 57 carried by the main frame members. On these shafts 56 is also mounted a sleeve and friction pulley arrangement identical with that on the shaft 48 and controlled by the same shipper lever 52 the parts being numbered alike Y on both are mounted Y in itable hangers carried by the mainframe are shafts 58 and on each of these shafts is a friction disk 59 provided with internal and external rbevel faces arranged to engage the friction V pulleys 53 selectively. New the friction pulleys'53 are arranged so that when moved to one position one internal and V one external friction pulley will engage the respective friction disk 59While the other pulleys are similarly engaged when the device is moved to the other position.  shafts.
Carried by the in a in frame are certain V standards 60 Whereon are adjustably mounted the bars 61 carrying at the lower Vend bearings 62 and being provided with threaded upper portions 63; The standards 60 are slotted to V admit the hand Wheels 64 having. Y centrally disposed nuts which fit the screws 63' respectively so that as the hand Wheels are rotated the bars 61 are raised or lowered with V respect to the main frame thus affording means of varying the height of Said `frame from the Y ground. V Tractor Wheels 68 are mounted upon the opposite ends of the front axle V 65. Y Y
In the bearings 62 is supported the front V axle 65 on each end of Which is fixed a sprocket 66 'over which a chain 66 passes, Which chain is trained over a` sprocket. on the end of the adjacent axle '58.
In using the reaper in connection With this Y tractor Y it is secured by va stirrup 69 to the member 14 so Y that a shaft 70 may bear-p ranged therein and f support a tube V 71 A Which is secured to the tractor B. The reaper is also connected to the tractor by means of a Y brace "bar72 and a hook 73. `Y ln order to Y drive the reaper the shaft`4t8'ispreferably extended to the reaper and provided on its outer end with a sprocket 74 connected in the usual manner to the reaper mechanism, the specified connection not being deemed necessary to be shown by `reason of the fact' that this connection will vary With the peculiar style of reaper used. e Extending laterally from the V tractor llame is a cross bar 75 Whereon 1s bolted a plate 7 6 which carries at its upper end Va plurality of bearings 77 where in is supported a shaft 78 on which is fixed an operating les Y' Y ver7 9 provided V with a latch *8OV which .Y
Works over a quadrant 81 on V the frame. Fixed upon the shaft 78 are a series of 'levers 82Which have their ends connected to Y eye-VVV` bolts 83 Y which pass through a plate Y84.
Links 85 connect the lower edges of the across the board and is additionally held by Newl in the operation of these i Y parts of the device when the shock has been a clip 88.
laid V upon the fingers f and it is desired to drop the same to the ground Y the latch lever 'Y Y Y 7 9 is released. This permits the I downward movement of the finger board Y84C so that the shock is dropped and rests between the fingers on the ground where upon the friction of the shock ends on the ground will cause the shock to move off the smooth ngers and remain behind the machine. It is to be understood that the member 7 5 carries one end of the foot boards 7 5.
Carried on suitable braces or legs 95 extending upward from the foot boards is a table 96 and the outer foot board is provided with a railing 97 for the protection of the operator on the outer foot board.
Fixed upon the bar 78 are a pair of brackets 98 which support a shaft 99 whereon is journaled a grooved wheel 100. A coil spring 101 has one end connected to this wheel and the other end to shaft 99. Around the wheel 100 is wound a cable 102 and on the free end of this cable is a shock cap 103 which is designed to fit over the end of a shock to hold the same together after it has been formed on the fingers 85. By this means l when the shock is dropped by releasing the lever 79 the top will be held together since the cap will be kept in position by the operator pressing the same on the top of the shock until the butt of the shock strikes the ground whereupon by releasing the cap the coil spring will wind it up in position for the next shock.
Suitably connected to the foot boards 75 by braces 105 is a Wheeled frame 106 supporting a bundle carrier 107 of the ordinary belt and slat type. At the lower end of this bundle carrier are guide boards 108 to receive the bundles from the reaper A. At the upper end of this bundle carrier is the usual beater 109. For the purpose of driving the carrier the axle 65 may be extended and provided with a sprocket 110 which is connected to a sprocket 111 on the upper shaft of the carrier 107 by means of a chain 112. The beater may be driven from this shaft by the usual sprocket and chain arrangement as indicated at 113.
The separate elements of the operation having been specifically described at the time of describing the mechanism it is believed that a brief review of the entire operation is all that is now necessary. The engine having been started and the shipper lever or levers properly manipulated, as also the clutch lever 47, the machine will move forward. Now as the machine moves forward the usual reaping and binding operation takes place and the separate sheaves are delivered one after the other to the bundle carrier. From this bundle carrier they are dropped on the table 96 and from there the operators on either side of the table formed by the lingers 85, and which will be known as the shocker table, form the sheaves into shocks at the same time pressing upon the shock the cap 103. When the shock has been formed the lever 79 is operated to drop the same and after it has been deposited on the ground this lever is again worked to raise the parts in position for the next shock.
There has thus been provided a simple and efficient device of the kind described and of the character specified.
It will be obvious that many 'minor changes may be made in the form and construction of the invention without departing from the material principles thereof. It is not therefore desired to confine the invention to the exact form herein shown and described, but it is wished to include all such as come properly within the scope claimed.
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new, is
1. In a shocker, the combination with a drop table; of a shock cap7 and a yieldable mounting for said shock cap.
2. In a shocker, a shock holder including a frame, a wheel journaled in said frame, a cable wound around said wheel; a spring arranged to rewind the cable when the latter is unwound, and a shock cap connected to the cable and adapted to fit the top of a shock.
3. 1n a shocker, a shock holder including `a frame, a wheel journaled in said frame, a cable wound around said wheel; a spring arranged to rewind the cable when the latter is unwound, and a shock cap connected to the cable and adapted to fit the top of a shock; in combination with a tilting table having its upper end below said cap when the latter is wound up.
1n testimony whereof, I affix my signature, in the presence of two witnesses.
Witnesses J. D. MILLER, E. P. CAMPBELL.